A blinded laboratory evaluation compared the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of an in situ enzyme immunoassay (EIA), VecTest wicking assay, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to detect and distinguish West Nile (WN) and St. Louis encephalitis (SLE) viruses in pools of 50 mosquitoes. Adult female Culex tarsalis Coquillett were inoculated with either WN or SLE viruses, held for 0–11 d at 28°C, killed by freezing, and then were added to 49 or 48 uninfected mosquitoes to make up 14 pools positive for WN virus, 14 positive for SLE virus, 14 positive for both WN and SLE viruses, and 14 negative for virus. Pools were number coded and tested blindly. Virus was not detected in known negative pools. VecTest and RT-PCR assays were comparably sensitive and accurate, detecting virus in pools containing females held for 3 d postinoculation; only RT-PCR detected SLE virus in pools on days 0–1. The VecTest and RT-PCR produced a single false-positive result for WN and SLE, respectively. RT-PCR detected RNA in samples positive by the VecTest, indicating that the detergent in the wicking buffer did not prevent RT-PCR from confirming VecTest results. Detector antibodies used in the in situ EIA cross-reacted between SLE and WN viruses, reducing accuracy. Both the VecTest and RT-PCR provided rapid and specific results, but they detected only those viruses known to be present. Plaque assay on Vero cells was comparably sensitive and had the added benefit of detecting newly emerging viruses, but this method required virus culture followed by identification, thereby delaying reporting.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 41 • No. 4