During recent years, long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) have been developed to overcome the problems of low retreatment rates, washing, and erratic dose of the insecticide resulting in the dilution of efficacy of the conventional insecticide-treated mosquito nets. These nets are treated at factory level with insecticide either incorporated into or coated around fibers. Olyset net, a polyethylene net with 2% permethrin incorporated within fibers, is one type of LLIN. Therefore, these nets were evaluated for their wash resistance and bioefficacy against malaria vectors Anopheles culicifacies Giles and Anopheles fluviatilis James (Diptera: Culicidae) and other nontarget species. Cone bioassay tests produced 100% mortality in these two vector species with 3-min exposure. Results of the bioassays on washed nets showed 100% mortality in An. fluviatilis even after 20 washings, whereas in An. culicifacies 100% mortality up to 11 washings and 80% mortality up to 20 washings were observed. Cone bioassay tests also were performed on nontarget mosquito species Culex quinquefasciatus Say; house fly, Musca domestica L.; American cockroach, Periplaneta americana (L.); head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer; and bed bug, Cimex lectularius L. with 30-min exposure. Except for bed bugs, 100% mortality was observed in these nontarget species after 24-h recovery period. In bed bugs, only 25% mortality was observed. The density of An. culicifacies and An. fluviatilis was significantly reduced in houses with Olyset nets compared with those with untreated nets or no nets. Thus, it may be concluded that Olyset nets are highly effective against malaria vectors and moderately against other nontarget household insects.
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Vol. 43 • No. 5