Recently, high resistance to pyrethroid insecticides has been associated with ineffective field treatments against Triatoma infestans (Klug) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in northern Argentina. Samples were collected from two areas in Argentina (Salta and La Rioja) and one are in Bolivia (Yacuiba), and they were subjected to toxicological and biochemical assays. All populations were resistant to deltamethrin, but they showed different profiles to nonpyrethroid insecticides. The Salta population showed high resistance ratios (RRs) to deltamethrin and only slight differences in the susceptibility to fenitrothion and fipronil compared with the reference strain. Otherwise, the La Rioja population showed a lower RR to deltamethrin and no resistance to fenitrothion or fipronil. Finally, the Yacuiba population had high a RR to deltamethrin, but it was susceptibility to fenitrothion and fipronil. In several cases, deltamethrin-resistant populations had higher susceptibility to bendiocarb than the reference strain. Measured activity of P450 monooxygenase in individual insects (based on ethoxycoumarine-O-deethylase), tended to be higher in the deltamethrin-resistant populations, but the differences were not statistically significant. Activity of specific esterases determined by the hydrolysis of 7-coumaryl permethrate demonstrated an increase in the percentage of insects with higher esterase activity in the Salta and La Rioja populations. Unexpectedly, the Yacuiba population showed lower pyrethroid esterase activity than the reference strain. The different pyrethroid resistance patterns found in T. infestans from three geographical regions within Argentina and in Bolivia suggests that enzyme-based pyrethroid resistance in this species has multiple origins. Nevertheless, because nerve insensitivity (related to the presence of the kdr gene) is also an important mechanism related to pyrethroid resistance, further studies on the kdr gene should be carried to clarify the relative contribution of each pyrethroid-associated mechanism in deltamethrin-resistant populations of T. infestans.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 45 • No. 2