Translator Disclaimer
1 November 2008 Repellency of Hydrogenated Catmint Oil Formulations to Black Flies and Mosquitoes in the Field
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

The essential oil of catmint, Nepeta cataria L., was hydrogenated to yield an oil enriched in dihydronepetalactone (DHN) diastereomers, termed. This material was used for the preparation of liquid alcohol–based and lotion formulations. The efficacy of these formulations as repellents was tested after application to human test subjects at two locations in the United States: Maine and Florida. In Maine, data on repellency of the hydrogenated catmint oil formulations toward black flies (Simulium decorum Walker) and mosquitoes (primarily Aedes intrudens Dyar) were obtained. In these tests, protection from black flies was conferred for 6 h or more with all formulations, and both liquid and lotion formulations at 15 wt% active ingredient gave complete protection for 7.5 h. All formulations conferred protection from mosquitoes for >4 h, with the best (15 wt% lotion) giving >8 h of complete protection. In Florida, data on repellency toward a mixed population of mosquitoes indicated that all formulations conferred protection for >4 h, with the 15 wt% lotion giving >6 h complete protection from bites.

Niketas C. Spero, Yamaira I. Gonzalez, Mark A. Scialdone, and David L. Hallahan "Repellency of Hydrogenated Catmint Oil Formulations to Black Flies and Mosquitoes in the Field," Journal of Medical Entomology 45(6), 1080-1086, (1 November 2008). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585(2008)45[1080:ROHCOF]2.0.CO;2
Received: 8 June 2007; Accepted: 26 March 2008; Published: 1 November 2008
JOURNAL ARTICLE
7 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top