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1 November 2008 Fine Structure and Distribution Pattern of Antennal Sensilla of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) Sand Flies
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Abstract

The specific aims of this work were to examine the antennal sensilla of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva 1912) (Diptera: Psychodidae) adults and to characterize their typology and topography, with special attention to olfactory sensilla. The surfaces of the antennal segments of Lu. longipalpis males and females were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Lu. longipalpis used in the current study were obtained from a colony originating from Lapinha Cave, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. Microtrichiae and 11 subtypes of sensilla were observed and characterized according to the following categories: five subtypes of trichoid sensilla (short, medium, long blunt-tipped, long pointed-tipped, and apical), two coeloconic sensilla (grooved and praying hands), and campaniform, chaetic, basiconic, and squamiform sensilla. SEM analyses showed few differences between males and females in the typology, topography, and quantity of antennal sensilla described. The current study is the first to identify several categories of antennal sensilla of the genus Lutzomyia and their distribution patterns. The identification of these sensillar types may be important in planning future electrophysiological studies to develop alternative measures of control and monitoring of Lu. longipalpis.

Fernando de Freitas Fernandes, Ana Cristina Bahia-Nascimento, Luciana Conceição Pinto, Cynthia de Sousa Leal, Nágila Francinete Costa Secundino, and Paulo Filemon Paolucci Pimenta "Fine Structure and Distribution Pattern of Antennal Sensilla of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) Sand Flies," Journal of Medical Entomology 45(6), 982-990, (1 November 2008). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585(2008)45[982:FSADPO]2.0.CO;2
Received: 26 March 2006; Accepted: 8 November 2007; Published: 1 November 2008
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