Translator Disclaimer
1 March 2009 Isolation of Buggy Creek Virus (Togaviridae: Alphavirus) From Field-Collected Eggs of Oeciacus vicarius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae)
Charles R. Brown, Amy T. Moore, Ginger R. Young, Abinash Padhi, Nicholas Komar
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Alphaviruses (Togaviridae) rarely have been found to be vertically transmitted from female arthropods to their progeny. We report two isolations of Buggy Creek virus (BCRV), an ecologically unusual alphavirus related to western equine encephalomyelitis virus, from field-collected eggs of cimicid swallow bugs (Oeciacus vicarius Horvath), the principal vector for BCRV. Ten percent of egg pools were positive for BCRV, and we estimated minimum infection rates to be 1.03 infected eggs per 1,000 tested. The results show potential vertical transmission of BCRV, represent one of the few isolations of any alphavirus from eggs or larvae of insects in the field, and are the first report of any virus in the eggs of cimicid bedbugs. The specialized ecological niche of BCRV in swallow bugs and at cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota Vieillot) nesting sites may promote vertical transmission of this virus.

Charles R. Brown, Amy T. Moore, Ginger R. Young, Abinash Padhi, and Nicholas Komar "Isolation of Buggy Creek Virus (Togaviridae: Alphavirus) From Field-Collected Eggs of Oeciacus vicarius (Hemiptera: Cimicidae)," Journal of Medical Entomology 46(2), 375-379, (1 March 2009). https://doi.org/10.1603/033.046.0225
Received: 24 September 2008; Accepted: 1 December 2008; Published: 1 March 2009
JOURNAL ARTICLE
5 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

Share
SHARE
KEYWORDS
Buggy Creek virus
Cliff Swallow
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
swallow bug
vertical transmission
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top