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1 November 2012 Effect of Stored Product Mite Extracts on Human Dermal Microvascular Endothelial Cells
B. Laurel Elder, Marjorie S. Morgan, Larry G. Arlian
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Stored product mites commonly occur in agricultural work environments and sometimes in homes in significant numbers. They are a source of allergens that sensitize and induce allergic reactions. This may include atopic dermatitis. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if the common species of storage mites are the sources of molecules that influence the function of human dermal microvascular endothelial cells that regulate the trafficking of inflammatory and immune cells into the dermis during allergic reactions and other skin diseases. Human dermal microvascular endothelial cells were challenged with varying doses of extracts of the storage mites Acarus siro L., Chortoglyphus arcuatus (Troupeau), Lepidoglyphus destructor (Schrank), or Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) and the secretion of cytokines and expression of adhesion molecules were measured. The role of endotoxin and protein in inducing these responses was evaluated. These stored product mite extracts induced secretion of interleukin-6, interleukin-8, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, and granulocyte/monocyte colony stimulating factor. Some of these effects were induced by protein present in the extracts, some were induced by endotoxin, and some were induced by other substances. C. arcuatus and T. putrescentiae extracts also down-regulated tumor necrosis factor α-induced vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression. Stored product mite extracts contain an assortment of molecules, including endotoxins and proteins, which modulate the expression of cell adhesion molecules and the secretion of cytokines by microvascular endothelial cells. These modulating properties varied among mite species indicating that each mite species has a unique set of molecules that is responsible for its activity.

© 2012 Entomological Society of America
B. Laurel Elder, Marjorie S. Morgan, and Larry G. Arlian "Effect of Stored Product Mite Extracts on Human Dermal Microvascular Endothelial Cells," Journal of Medical Entomology 49(6), 1411-1418, (1 November 2012).
Received: 27 June 2012; Accepted: 2 September 2012; Published: 1 November 2012

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cell adhesion molecule
endothelial cell
stored product mite
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