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1 July 2013 Expression of Lysozyme in the Life History of the House Fly (Musca domestica L.)
Dana Nayduch, Chester Joyner
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From egg to adult, all life history stages of house flies associate with septic environments teeming with bacteria. House fly lysozyme was first identified in the larval midgut, where it is used for digestion of microbe-rich meals because of its broad-spectrum activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria as well as fungi. This study aimed to determine the temporal expression of lysozyme in the life history of house flies (from egg through adults) on both the mRNA and protein level, and to determine the tissue-specific expression of lysozyme in adult flies induced by feeding Staphylococcus aureus. From 30-min postoviposition through adulthood, all life history stages of the house fly express lysozyme on the mRNA level. In adult flies, lysozyme is expressed both locally in the alimentary canal and systemically in the fat body. Interestingly, we found that during the normal life history of flies, lysozyme protein was only detected in larval stages and older adults, likely because of ingestion of immune-stimulating levels of bacteria, not experienced during egg, pupa, and teneral adult stages. Constitutive expression on the mRNA level implies that this effector is a primary defense molecule in all stages of the house fly life history, and that a mechanism for posttranscriptional control of mature lysozyme enzyme expression may be present. Lysozyme active enzyme primarily serves both a digestive and defensive function in larval and adult flies, and may be a key player in the ability of Musca domestica L. to thrive in microbe-rich environments.

© 2013 Entomological Society of America
Dana Nayduch and Chester Joyner "Expression of Lysozyme in the Life History of the House Fly (Musca domestica L.)," Journal of Medical Entomology 50(4), 847-852, (1 July 2013).
Received: 31 July 2012; Accepted: 1 March 2013; Published: 1 July 2013

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stage-specific expression
Staphylococcus aureus
tissue-specific expression
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