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4 April 2020 Deltamethrin Persistence on Textiles Used to Make Visual Targets for Tsetse Fly Control is Positively Correlated With Their Polyester Content
Emmanuel Kamba Mebourou, Martine Bourquin, Francis Oloo, Armelle Vallat, Patrick M. Guerin
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Abstract

Insecticide-impregnated traps and visual targets are used for tsetse (Diptera, Glossinidae) population control. Such devices are made with textiles and deltamethrin is frequently the insecticide of choice. However, persistence of an insecticide on textiles is affected by exposure to weather. Here we examine the effect of weathering on the capacity of four textiles with increasing proportions of polyester (0, 35, 65, and 100%) with cotton and viscose to retain deltamethrin. Textiles tested were those used to make visual targets in a pan-African program to maximize target efficiency for controlling tsetse vectors of African trypanosomiasis. Following impregnation in an aqueous suspension of deltamethrin at 1,000 mg/m2, textiles were weathered for 18 mo at Lambwe Valley, Kenya and sampled every 3 mo to make knockdown tests on the tsetse fly Glossina pallidipes Austen. Deltamethrin content of the textiles was established using gas chromatography mass-spectrometry at impregnation and after 9 mo of weathering. Textiles with higher proportions of polyester retained deltamethrin better: respectively, 100% polyester and 65:35 polyester/ viscose textiles retained deltamethrin at 17 and 11 mg/m2 9-mo post-treatment that caused 100% knockdown in G. pallidipes after 1 h, and killed 67 and 47% of flies, respectively, after 24 h. Eighteen-month weathered 100% polyester treated textile still knocked down all tsetse exposed to it within 2 h. The LD50 for deltamethrin on filter paper for G. pallidipes was estimated at 28.8 mg/m2, indicating that deltamethrin is more available on polyester to kill tsetse.

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© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Emmanuel Kamba Mebourou, Martine Bourquin, Francis Oloo, Armelle Vallat, and Patrick M. Guerin "Deltamethrin Persistence on Textiles Used to Make Visual Targets for Tsetse Fly Control is Positively Correlated With Their Polyester Content," Journal of Medical Entomology 57(5), 1525-1531, (4 April 2020). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjaa057
Received: 25 November 2019; Accepted: 29 February 2020; Published: 4 April 2020
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KEYWORDS
deltamethrin
Glossina pallidipes
knock down
tsetse fly
visual target
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