How to translate text using browser tools
6 June 2020 Ultrastructure of the Immature Stages of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae: Muscinae)
Lucas Barbosa Cortinhas, Paloma Martins Mendonça, Marina Vianna Braga, Margareth Maria de Carvalho Queiroz
Author Affiliations +

Musca domestica (Linnaeus, 1758) is a muscoid species that is widespread throughout the world and acts as a mechanical vector of different enteropathogens primarily in underdeveloped countries.The adult and its immature forms are associated with decaying organic matter and can be seen visiting human corpses and animal carcass, and the larvae can also cause an infestation on human and animal wounds, feeding on the tissues.These characteristics make them have a forensic significance and, mainly, a great sanitary importance.This study aimed to analyze and describe morphological aspects of their immature stages of M. domestica, including the eggs, the first-, second-, and third-instar larvae, and the puparium using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).The eggs have standard format that all muscoid flies shared.The exochorion has some modified cells that were used for embryonic respiration.The first-instar larvae present two openings on the posterior spiracle as in the second-instar larvae, but with the last one, we can observe the anterior spiracle structure.The third-instar larvae, as in some other Muscidae species, have a posterior spiracular opening with a sinuous form that is located near the edge of the spiracular plate.The puparium morphology is equal to the third instar with a respiratory structure that helps the breathing during the metamorphosis process.This article supports the need for knowledge over the morphological characteristics of the immature forms of the muscoid Diptera (Linnaeus, 1758) at the same time helping with the correct identification of this insect phase.

Graphical Abstract


© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:
Lucas Barbosa Cortinhas, Paloma Martins Mendonça, Marina Vianna Braga, and Margareth Maria de Carvalho Queiroz "Ultrastructure of the Immature Stages of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae: Muscinae)," Journal of Medical Entomology 57(6), 1712-1721, (6 June 2020).
Received: 11 January 2020; Accepted: 27 April 2020; Published: 6 June 2020

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.

medical entomology
scanning electron microscopy
Get copyright permission
Back to Top