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27 October 2020 Contributions to the Estimation of the Postmortem Interval Through the Length and Body Weight of Two Indigenous Species of South America: Lucilia ochricornis (Diptera: Calliphoridae) and Lucilia purpurascens
Ximena Acosta, Néstor D. Centeno, Andrea X. González-Reyes, José A. Corronca
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Abstract

The early arrival and colonization of species belonging to the family Calliphoridae (Insecta: Diptera) on a corpse represent one of the most reliable means of estimating minimum postmortem interval (PMImin). However, information on the development and life cycles of some Argentine species in this family is not complete. The objective of this work was to contribute new information regarding the larval body size of neotropical species that allow, through the construction of forensic methods, the estimation of a more precise and specific PMImin. This work was conducted on laboratory cultures of larvae of Lucilia ochricornis (Wiedemann) and Lucilia purpurascens (Walker) using as average temperatures: 13.4, 15.1, 22.6, and 23.3°C, which represent the four seasons of the year for the province of Salta. With this information, we constructed isomegalen diagrams and growth models for the obtained variables of larval length and body weight. The mean values of length and body weight differ between both species, indicating that L. purpurascens exceeded L. ochricornis in both variables. In contrast, within each species the mean length and weight remained unchanged between culture temperatures for the three larval instars. Isomegalen diagrams can be used for the entire range of temperatures worked in the laboratory, but the body size entered is approximate. The growth models allow the use of point data but are specific for each culture temperature used.

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Ximena Acosta, Néstor D. Centeno, Andrea X. González-Reyes, and José A. Corronca "Contributions to the Estimation of the Postmortem Interval Through the Length and Body Weight of Two Indigenous Species of South America: Lucilia ochricornis (Diptera: Calliphoridae) and Lucilia purpurascens," Journal of Medical Entomology 58(2), 548-557, (27 October 2020). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjaa224
Received: 7 August 2020; Accepted: 15 September 2020; Published: 27 October 2020
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KEYWORDS
body size
forensic entomology
growth models
isomegalen diagrams
PMI
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