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10 December 2020 ‘Burning Violin’: The Medically Important Spider Genus Loxosceles (Araneae: Sicariidae) in Iran, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan, With Two New Species
Alireza Zamani, Omid Mirshamsi, Yuri M. Marusik
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Abstract

The taxonomic status of the medically important spider genus Loxosceles Heineken et Lowe, 1832 (Sicariidae) in Iran, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan is revised. Two species are described as new to science: Loxosceles coheni sp. n. (♂♀, southwestern Iran) and Loxosceles turanensis sp. n. (♂♀, southern Turkmenistan and eastern Iran). Additionally, Loxosceles alicea Gertsch, 1967 syn. n. (♀, Peru) is synonymized with Loxosceles rufescens (Dufour, 1820). The local distribution of all treated species is mapped (including several new records), and reported cases of loxoscelism from this region are briefly reviewed.

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. Version of Record, first published online December 10, 2020 with fixed content and layout in compliance with Art. 8.1.3.2 ICZN.
Alireza Zamani, Omid Mirshamsi, and Yuri M. Marusik "‘Burning Violin’: The Medically Important Spider Genus Loxosceles (Araneae: Sicariidae) in Iran, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan, With Two New Species," Journal of Medical Entomology 58(2), 666-675, (10 December 2020). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjaa257
Received: 20 August 2020; Accepted: 11 October 2020; Published: 10 December 2020
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KEYWORDS
Central Asia
loxoscelism
Peru
recluse spiders
violin spiders
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