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9 January 2021 Community Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Malaria Vector Control Strategies in Lagos State, South-West Nigeria
Ahmed I. Omotayo, Adeolu T. Ande, Adedayo O. Oduola, Abiodun K. Olakiigbe, Aishat K. Ghazali, Adeniyi Adeneye, Samson T. Awolola
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Abstract

Malaria is a leading public health challenge causing mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa. Prominent malaria vector control methods employed in sub-Saharan Africa include Long Lasting Insecticide Nets (LLINs) and Indoor Residual spraying (IRS). This study investigated knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of malaria vector control methods in Lagos, South-West Nigeria. Structured questionnaires were employed for the cross-sectional survey which was carried out between May and August 2018. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select Lagos Mainland, Kosofe, and Ojo local government areas (LGAs). Five hundred and twenty questionnaires were used for the study. Data were analyzed for descriptive statistics, whereas χ2 was used to determine influence of respondents' LGA, level of education and type of dwelling on respondents' attitude and practice. Respondents' LGAs have no significant impact on attitude and practice to malaria vector control methods. However, ‘level of education' as well as ‘type of dwelling structure' impacted significantly on some practices and attitude. Basically, IRS is the major tool employed in malaria vector control, but sometimes it is used in combination with other methods. A good number of residents also use LLINs. ‘Choice of method’ employed is mainly based on the effectiveness of method. General perception about LLINs and IRS is that they are effective, cheap and safer. Considering the widespread use of IRS and LLINs for malaria vector control in Lagos, implementation of malaria control programs should consider KAP to these two strategies.

© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Ahmed I. Omotayo, Adeolu T. Ande, Adedayo O. Oduola, Abiodun K. Olakiigbe, Aishat K. Ghazali, Adeniyi Adeneye, and Samson T. Awolola "Community Knowledge, Attitude and Practices on Malaria Vector Control Strategies in Lagos State, South-West Nigeria," Journal of Medical Entomology 58(3), 1280-1286, (9 January 2021). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjaa278
Received: 2 July 2020; Accepted: 21 November 2020; Published: 9 January 2021
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KEYWORDS
attitude
control
knowledge
malaria
practices
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