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3 September 2021 Landscape Anthropization Affects Mosquito Diversity in a Deciduous Forest in Southeastern Mexico
Maggi Janelly Barrientos-Roldán, Carlos Antonio Abella-Medrano, Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, César Antonio Sandoval-Ruiz
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Abstract

Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) are considered the group of insects that most impacts human health. Land use change, conversion of conserved sites into agricultural environments, urbanization, defaunation, and introduction of domestic animals can affect mosquito diversity positively or negatively, increasing the risk of transmission of zoonotic diseases. Here, we describe the diversity of adult mosquitoes in two environments (deciduous forest and anthropized zone) over 2 yr (2014–2016), using eight CDC traps at each site in three climatic seasons (rainy, cold, and dry). We captured 795 individuals belonging to 22 species. We constructed rank-abundance curves to determine spatial and temporal changes in the mosquito communities. We measured alpha diversity using the Shannon index (H′), Shannon exponential (eH) and Simpson dominance (Ds), and beta diversity using Jaccard's coefficient of similarity (Ij). The most abundant species were Culex quinquefasciatus (40.5%), Culex coronator (18.3%), and Anopheles pseudopunctipennis (12.4%). The highest mosquito diversity was in the deciduous forest during the rainy season. Beta diversity analysis showed that species overlap varied among climatic seasons, with the sites sharing 65% species during the rainy season, but only 33% of species during the dry season. We found differences in the diversity of mosquitoes at the two sites, and the mosquito assemblage of the anthropized zone was significantly different from that of the deciduous forest.

© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Maggi Janelly Barrientos-Roldán, Carlos Antonio Abella-Medrano, Sergio Ibáñez-Bernal, and César Antonio Sandoval-Ruiz "Landscape Anthropization Affects Mosquito Diversity in a Deciduous Forest in Southeastern Mexico," Journal of Medical Entomology 59(1), 248-256, (3 September 2021). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjab154
Received: 20 May 2021; Accepted: 11 August 2021; Published: 3 September 2021
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KEYWORDS
anthropized zone
Culicidae
deciduous forest
diversity
Puebla
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