How to translate text using browser tools
17 September 2021 Phlebotominae Fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) and Molecular Detection of Leishmania (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in Urban Caves of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Paula Cavalcante Lamy Serra e Meira, Bruna Lacerda Abreu, Ana Paula Lusardo de Almeida Zenóbio, Cristiani de Castilho Sanguinette, Felipe Dutra Rêgo, Gustavo Mayr de Lima Carvalho, Lara Saraiva, José Dilermando Andrade Filho
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Sand flies are often collected in urban areas, which has several implications for the risk of transmission of Leishmania Ross, 1903, to humans and other mammals. Given this scenario, we describe the sand fly fauna of caves and their surroundings in Mangabeiras Municipal Park (MMP) and Paredão Serra do Curral Park (PSCP), both located in the urban area of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, an endemic focus of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis. Collections were conducted monthly from November 2011 to October 2012, using CDC light traps exposed for two consecutive nights in four caves and their surroundings. Nonsystematized collections using Shannon traps and active searches were also performed around the caves. The presence of Leishmania DNA in collected female sand flies was evaluated by ITS1-PCR. A total of 857 sand flies representing fourteen species were collected in MMP, of which Evandromyia edwardsi (Mangabeira, 1941) was the most abundant. Leishmania amazonensis was detected in Brumptomyia nitzulescui (Costa Lima, 1932) and Ev. edwardsi, with the latter also having Leishmania braziliensis, Leishmania infantum, and Leishmania sp. A total of 228 sand flies representing four species were collected in PSCP, of which Sciopemyia microps (Mangabeira, 1942) was the most abundant. No females from PSCP were positive for Leishmania-DNA. Studies aimed at describing sand fly faunas of cave environments and detecting Leishmania are essential to understanding the relationship between these insects and this ecotope and assessing and monitoring areas that may pose risks to the health of visitors and employees.

© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Paula Cavalcante Lamy Serra e Meira, Bruna Lacerda Abreu, Ana Paula Lusardo de Almeida Zenóbio, Cristiani de Castilho Sanguinette, Felipe Dutra Rêgo, Gustavo Mayr de Lima Carvalho, Lara Saraiva, and José Dilermando Andrade Filho "Phlebotominae Fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) and Molecular Detection of Leishmania (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in Urban Caves of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil," Journal of Medical Entomology 59(1), 257-266, (17 September 2021). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjab156
Received: 17 May 2021; Accepted: 16 August 2021; Published: 17 September 2021
JOURNAL ARTICLE
10 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

KEYWORDS
leishmaniasis
Phlebotominae
Quadrilátero Ferrífero
urban park
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top