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3 December 2021 Evaluation of Pyriproxyfen Effects on Aedes aegypti and Predatory Mosquito Toxorhynchites rutilus (Diptera: Culicidae)
Abdullah A. Alomar, Barry W. Alto
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Control of mosquito vectors of pathogens remains heavily dependent on the application of conventional insecticides. Pyriproxyfen (PPF) is a novel insecticide that has been proposed for use in autodissemination techniques to control mosquito vectors. The use of PPF can inhibit adult emergence but does not inhibit larval development. This feature is favorable for controlling Aedes aegypti because PPF has the potential to work in combination with natural sources of mortality (competition, predation) during the immature stages, and other control methods, including biocontrol agents that further suppress recruitment of adult mosquitoes. However, the PPF effects on life-history traits of Ae. aegypti in comparison to predatory mosquito Toxorhynchites rutilus, a source of mortality, are not fully understood. Here, we show that larval exposure to PPF concentrations that inhibit 50–90% of adult emergence in Ae. aegypti had a negligible effect on adult emergence and lifespan of Tx. rutilus. Weights of adult Ae. aegypti and Tx. rutilus were not influenced by PPF. These findings suggest that the use of PPF to control mosquito vectors may have low effects on mosquito biocontrol agents. Our results extend and confirm earlier data showing that PPF has potential to implement with Tx. rutilus to suppress Ae. aegypti and provide an additional advantage of PPF use in autodissemination control strategies.

© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:
Abdullah A. Alomar and Barry W. Alto "Evaluation of Pyriproxyfen Effects on Aedes aegypti and Predatory Mosquito Toxorhynchites rutilus (Diptera: Culicidae)," Journal of Medical Entomology 59(2), 585-590, (3 December 2021).
Received: 16 September 2021; Accepted: 25 October 2021; Published: 3 December 2021

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adult emergence
Aedes aegypti
biocontrol agent
Toxorhynchites rutilus
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