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30 May 2022 Effect of Larval Diets on House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Production and Host Suitability for a Pupal House Fly Parasitoid (Spalangia gemina) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)
Waranya Ardburi, Ubon Tangkawanit
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A larval medium for house fly (Musca domestica L.) suitable for house fly parasitoid production was developed from locally available and inexpensive food ingredients. Biological parameters and life table parameters were estimated for house flies treated with five different diets. It was found that percentage survival of 1st–3rd instar larvae of house fly, percentage of pupation, percentage of hatching adults, growth index, and life table parameters (net reproductive rate [R0] the cohort generation time [T], intrinsic rate of increase [r], and finite rate of increase [λ]) were significantly highest on larvae produced on diet 5 (composed of rice barn and chicken feed). Diet composition and performance of house fly larvae in larval medium are discussed, based on the results. The results of Spalangia gemina Bouček (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae) parasitization on house fly pupae revealed that the number of total parasitized pupa and number of parasitoids hatched from pupa reared with diet 5 (rice bran and chicken feed) were greater than with diet 1 (rice bran, powdered milk, dry yeast, fish meal, soybean meal, and chicken feed). Additionally, S. gemina offspring from diet 5 treatment had a higher proportion of females. Our results indicated that pupal size resulting from larval diet was an important factor for parasitization.

© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:
Waranya Ardburi and Ubon Tangkawanit "Effect of Larval Diets on House Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Production and Host Suitability for a Pupal House Fly Parasitoid (Spalangia gemina) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)," Journal of Medical Entomology 59(4), 1376-1381, (30 May 2022).
Received: 9 March 2022; Accepted: 26 April 2022; Published: 30 May 2022

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larval medium
mass rearing
pupal parasitoid
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