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14 June 2023 Population dynamics of Nyssomyia whitmani (Diptera: Psychodidae) in domestic and peridomestic environments in Northeast Argentina, a tegumentary leishmaniasis outbreak area
Mariana Manteca-Acosta, Gerardo Rubén Cueto, Matias Poullain, María Soledad Santini, Oscar Daniel Salomón
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Abstract

In the present study, the temporal dynamics of the main vector of Leishmania braziliensis, Nyssomyia whitmani, was measured by monthly captures of phlebotominae sandflies during 5 consecutive years (from 2011 to 2016) in the Paranaense region of South America.The captures were performed in environments where the human–vector contact risk is high: domiciliary and peridomiciliary environments in a rural area endemic of tegumentary leishmaniasis. Nyssomyia whitmani was recorded as the dominant species of the phlebotominae ensemble in all domiciliary and peridomiciliary environments (House, Chicken Shed, Pigsty, and Forest Edge). Using generalized additive models, intra- and interannual fluctuations were observed, modulated by meteorological variables such as the minimum temperature and the accumulated precipitation 1 wk prior to capture. The installation of a pigsty by the farmer during the study period allowed us to observe and describe the so-called “pigsty effect” where the Ny. whitmani population was spatially redistributed, turning the pigsty as the environment that obtained the highest phlebotominae record counts, thus maintaining the farm overall abundance, supporting the idea that the environmental management of the peridomicile could have an impact on the reduction of epidemiological risk by altering the spatial distribution of the phlebotominae ensemble in the environments.

Mariana Manteca-Acosta, Gerardo Rubén Cueto, Matias Poullain, María Soledad Santini, and Oscar Daniel Salomón "Population dynamics of Nyssomyia whitmani (Diptera: Psychodidae) in domestic and peridomestic environments in Northeast Argentina, a tegumentary leishmaniasis outbreak area," Journal of Medical Entomology 60(5), 1088-1098, (14 June 2023). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjad061
Received: 5 December 2022; Accepted: 5 June 2023; Published: 14 June 2023
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KEYWORDS
Phlebotominae
population dynamics
tegumentary leishmaniasis
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