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1 December 2012 Isotopic Model Estimate of Relative Contribution of Potential Water Pools to Water Uptake of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica in Horqin Sandy Land
Wei Yafen, Fang Jie, Zhao Xueyong, Yi Mei, Zhang Ruijun, Li Shenggong
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Abstract

We examined stable isotope signals of precipitation, soil water, and xylem water and ran the multi-source linear mixing model (IsoSource) to determine water uptake depths and estimate proportional contribution of possible water pools to the water use of Mongolian pine (Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica) plantation in southeast Horqin Sandy Land. We also examined variations of the water use by Mongolian pine trees before and after a heavy precipitation event. The closeness of isotopic composition between xylem water and potential water pools presented that most of water uptake by the trees occurred in the depth of below 20 cm soil (up to 80 cm in this study). Estimate from the IsoSource model agrees well with observation, and the model yielded that over 60% of the water was derived from 20–80 cm soil layer under relatively higher soil moisture conditions, contribution from much deeper soil depth may increase when the soil in this layer became dry. The contribution from the groundwater was very low since water table was much deeper than rooting depth of the trees. Isotopic signals of xylem water of Mongolian pine trees before and after a heavy precipitation of 14.4 mm on July 13 in 2009 exhibited that the trees could sense and use recent rain-charged soil water at the upper 20 cm soil layer 36 hours after the rain, and this contribution decreased rapidly in the following 24 hours. The ability of accessing different water pools of Mongolian pine trees under various soil moisture conditions is likely a good indicator of their adaptability to dry habitats in sandy lands.

Wei Yafen, Fang Jie, Zhao Xueyong, Yi Mei, Zhang Ruijun, and Li Shenggong "Isotopic Model Estimate of Relative Contribution of Potential Water Pools to Water Uptake of Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica in Horqin Sandy Land," Journal of Resources and Ecology 3(4), 308-315, (1 December 2012). https://doi.org/10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2012.04.003
Received: 24 November 2011; Accepted: 1 December 2012; Published: 1 December 2012
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KEYWORDS
isotope model
Mongolian pine plantation
stable isotope composition
tree water uptake sources
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