Genome size (C value) is a fundamental characteristic of every species and is very important for the progress of cytogenetic, genomic, and phylogenic studies. However, information on the C value of phylum Brachiopoda is scarce. In this study, we collected 8 brachiopod species from Japan, including 5 from class Articulata, and determined their C values by flow cytometry. The mean C values for these 8 species-namely, Lingula anatina, Lingula reevii, Discradisca stella, Terebratulina crossei, Laqueus rubellus, Laqueus blanfordi, Terebratalia coreanica, and Platidia japonica—were 0.41 pg, 0.41 pg, 0.46 pg, 0.33 pg, 0.44 pg, 0.42 pg, 0.37 pg, and 0.31 pg, respectively. Although the C values were examined across the various taxa within Brachiopoda, we detected very little variation (approximately 1.5-fold, from 0.31 pg in P. japonica to 0.46 pg in D. stella). This low C value variation suggests that the occurrences of evolutionary events such as changing the number of transposable elements and intron size, polyploidy, and DNA loss—all of which could cause a change in genome size—are fewer than in other taxa of the animal kingdom.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 32 • No. 2