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1 March 2013 Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Dengue Vector Mosquitoes and their Habitat Patterns in Penang Island, Malaysia
Rahman G. M. Saifur, Ahmad Abu Hassan, Hamady Dieng, Md Rawi Che Salmah, Ahmad Ramli Saad, Tomomitsu Satho
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Abstract

We studied the diversity of Aedes breeding sites in various urban, suburban, and rural areas over time between February 2009 and February 2010 in the dengue endemic areas of Penang Island, Malaysia. We categorized the breeding sites and efficiency, and identified the key breeding containers. Among the 3 areas, the rural areas produced the highest container index (55), followed by suburban (42) and urban (32) areas. The numbers of key premises and containers were significantly higher (P < 0.000) in rural areas. The class 1 containers were identified as the key containers with higher productivity and efficiency, although class 2 and class 4 are the highest in numbers. Aedes aegypti immatures were found mostly in drums, water reservoirs, and polyethylene sheets, while mixed breeding was more common in buckets and empty paint cans in urban and suburban areas. Aedes albopictus was found mainly in miscellaneous containers such as drums, empty paint cans, and covers in all areas. The main potential containers indoors were drums, water reservoirs, and empty paint cans, and containers outdoors included empty paint cans, drums, and polyethylene sheets.

2013 by The American Mosquito Control Association, Inc.
Rahman G. M. Saifur, Ahmad Abu Hassan, Hamady Dieng, Md Rawi Che Salmah, Ahmad Ramli Saad, and Tomomitsu Satho "Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Dengue Vector Mosquitoes and their Habitat Patterns in Penang Island, Malaysia," Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 29(1), 33-43, (1 March 2013). https://doi.org/10.2987/12-6228R.1
Published: 1 March 2013
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Aedes breeding habitat
Container index
entomological surveillance
Penang Island
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