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1 March 2013 Immature Mosquitoes Associated with Urban Parklands: Implications for Water and Mosquito Management
Laura Quiroga, Sylvia Fischer, Nicolás Schweigmann
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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to compare 2 urban habitat types: pools artificially filled with water from damaged or leaking water pipes (AF) and pools naturally filled by rainwater (NF), with regard to their favorability as breeding sites for mosquitoes. Two study areas were analyzed, 1 for 5 months and the other for 9 months, covering the whole period when AF pools contained water. The AF pools held water during the entire study, and showed lower fluctuations in surface area than NF pools. The AF pools showed higher levels of total mosquitoes and of stagnant-water mosquitoes. The floodwater mosquitoes were numerically (but not significantly) more abundant in NF pools. Nine mosquito species were identified. Habitat type, temperature, and season were significant in explaining the variability in species composition according to the canonical correspondence analysis. The most abundant species were Ochlerotatus albifasciatus ( =  Aedes albifasciatus, predominantly in NF pools), Culex dolosus, and Cx. pipiens (mainly in AF pools). The latter 2 species differed in their temporal dynamics, with Cx. dolosus associated with lower temperatures and Cx. pipiens with higher temperatures. Overall, the results indicate that although both habitat types harbored immature mosquitoes, the AF pools were more favorable than co-occurring rain pools. Easy-to-implement management actions such as the design of adequate drainage systems and the fast repair of broken pipes will be helpful to reduce the risk of human illness associated with mosquitoes in urban green areas.

2013 by The American Mosquito Control Association, Inc.
Laura Quiroga, Sylvia Fischer, and Nicolás Schweigmann "Immature Mosquitoes Associated with Urban Parklands: Implications for Water and Mosquito Management," Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 29(1), 27-32, (1 March 2013). https://doi.org/10.2987/12-6270R.1
Published: 1 March 2013
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Artificial filling
Floodwater mosquitoes
rain pools
stagnant-water mosquitoes
urban parks
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