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1 December 2014 Mosquito Biodiversity Patterns Around Urban Environments in South-Central Okinawa Island, Japan
Tomonori Hoshi, Nozomi Imanishi, Yukiko Higa, Luis Fernando Chaves
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Okinawa is the largest, most urbanized, and densely populated island in the Ryukyus Archipelago, where mosquito species diversity has been thoroughly studied. However, the south-central Okinawa mosquito fauna has been relatively poorly studied. Here, we present results from a mosquito faunal survey in urban environments of Nishihara city, south-central Okinawa. Mosquitoes were sampled biweekly, from April 2007 to March 2008, at 3 different environments: a forest preserve, an animal farm, and a water reservoir. We employed 4 mosquito collection methods: 1) oviposition traps; 2) light traps; 3) sweep nets; and 4) larval surveys of tree holes, leaf axils, and artificial water containers. We collected a total of 568 adults and 10,270 larvae belonging to 6 genera and 13 species, including 6 species of medical importance: Aedes albopictus, Armigeres subalbatus, Anopheles Hyrcanus group, Culex bitaeniorhynchus, Cx. quinquefasciatus, and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus. Mosquito species composition was similar to data from previous studies in Okinawa Island. The flattening of the species accumulation curve suggests that our diversity sampling was exhaustive with light and oviposition traps, as well as the coincidence between the species richness we found in the field and estimates from the Chao2 index, a theoretical estimator of species richness based on species abundance. This study highlights the importance of combining several sampling techniques to properly characterize regional mosquito fauna and to monitor changes in the presence of mosquito species.

2014 by The American Mosquito Control Association, Inc.
Tomonori Hoshi, Nozomi Imanishi, Yukiko Higa, and Luis Fernando Chaves "Mosquito Biodiversity Patterns Around Urban Environments in South-Central Okinawa Island, Japan," Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 30(4), 260-267, (1 December 2014).
Published: 1 December 2014

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Mosquito biodiversity
Mosquito fauna
Okinawa Island
Ryukyu Archipelago
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