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1 June 2007 Effect of different thermal conditions on the pre-imaginal biology of Culex apicinus (Philippi, 1865) (Diptera: Culicidae)
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The time of development and survival of the pre-imaginal period and the adult body size of Culex apicinus were analyzed in individuals reared from the 1st instar larva to adult emergence under laboratory and field conditions. In the laboratory, insects were exposed to three constant temperatures (15, 20, and 25° C) and a photoperiod of 14:10 (L:D). In the field, temperature and photoperiod were not manipulated; during the study period water temperature ranged between 15.5 and 24.2° C, and photoperiod changed from 13:11 to 14:10 (L:D). Survival to the imaginal stage at 15° C (85.4%) and in the field (88.8%) was higher than that at 20° C (45.8%) and 25° C (8.3%). Based on femur and wing length measurements, the mosquitoes reared under field conditions (mean water temperature = 20.5° C) were smaller than those laboratory-reared, even when the time of development in the field (29.5 – 36 days) was longer than that observed at 15° C (24 days), 20° C (15 days), and 25° C (11 days). Male emergence was earlier than that of females (protandry) only in the field. Although laboratory conditions included a photoperiod and temperature range comparable with the observed values in the field, the disagreements between field and laboratory results suggest that the characteristics examined in this work could be affected by the joint variation of several factors not controlled in field conditions, such as photoperiod, temperature regime, and/or food quality of larval habitat.

M. Verónica Loetti, Nora E. Burroni, Nicolás Schweigmann, and Alicia de Garin "Effect of different thermal conditions on the pre-imaginal biology of Culex apicinus (Philippi, 1865) (Diptera: Culicidae)," Journal of Vector Ecology 32(1), 106-111, (1 June 2007).[106:EODTCO]2.0.CO;2
Received: 30 August 2006; Accepted: 5 January 2007; Published: 1 June 2007

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