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20 September 2022 Movement of Ixodes pacificus and Dermacentor occidentalis (Acari: Ixodidae) adult ticks in chaparral under natural conditions in Northern California, U.S.A.
David K. James, Sergio Mendoza, Lucia Hui
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Abstract

The movement of Ixodes pacificus and Dermacentor occidentalis adult ticks down a hill slope under natural conditions was investigated using the mark-release-recapture (MRR) method. We evaluated the movement of host-seeking adult ticks down a hill slope to determine if ticks travel downhill from an uphill area to trail margins below. During the tick seasons in 2016-2018, the ticks were collected by flagging, marked with paint, released at a predetermined location, and recaptured by weekly flagging. Of the 188 female and 114 male I. pacificus marked and released 30 m above the trail in 2016, 11 (5.8%) females and one (0.9%) male were recaptured at the trail. In 2017, of the 71 female and 52 male I. pacificus, none were recaptured. In 2018, nine (3.6%) female and one (0.4%) male I. pacificus were recaptured of the 247 female and 287 males marked and released. Fifteen (18.5%) female and six (7.3%) male D. occidentalis were recaptured of the 81 females and 82 males marked and released in 2017. The trail deterred further movement with only 0.6% of I. pacificus and 8.3% of D. occidentalis recaptured on the opposite side of the trail. This study demonstrated that some I. pacificus and D. occidentalis adults found along the uphill side of trails may have originated from an area 30 m from the trail margin, some travelling at a rate of 1.6-1.9 m/day under natural conditions in chaparral.

David K. James, Sergio Mendoza, and Lucia Hui "Movement of Ixodes pacificus and Dermacentor occidentalis (Acari: Ixodidae) adult ticks in chaparral under natural conditions in Northern California, U.S.A.," Journal of Vector Ecology 47(2), 188-194, (20 September 2022). https://doi.org/10.52707/1081-1710-47.2.188
Received: 24 November 2021; Accepted: 22 July 2022; Published: 20 September 2022
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KEYWORDS
Dermacentor occidentalis
Keyword Index: Ixodes pacificus
tick movement
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