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1 July 1993 Serological Evidence of Coxiella burnetii Infection in Wild Animals in Japan
Castor Leo A. Ejercito, Lixun Cai, Khin Khin Htwe, Michihiro Taki, Yasuo Inoshima, Taeko Kondo, Chiaki Kano, Satomi Abe, Kazutoshi Shirota, Tomoaki Sugimoto, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Hideto Fukushi, Nobuyuki Minamoto, Toshio Kinjo, Emiko Isogai, Katsuya Hirai
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Abstract

One hundred and thirty-four (26%) of 511 sera from 11 wild animal species in eight prefectures in Japan had antibody titers to Coxiella burnetii by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. High prevalences were observed in Japanese black bears (Ursus thibetanus) (78%), Hokkaido deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) (69%), Japanese hares (Lepus brachyurus) (63%), Japanese deer (Cervus nippon centralis) (56%), and to some extent in Japanese monkeys (Macaca fuscata) (28%). A low prevalence (13%) was observed in nutrias (Myocastor coypus). Japanese serows (Capricornis crispus), wild rats (Muroides sp.), raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides viverrinus), wild pigs (Sus scrofa leucomystax), and masked palm civets (Paguma larvata) had no detectable antibodies to C. burnetii. Thus, six of 11 wild animal species in Japan were exposed to C. burnetii. Based on the high prevalences in some species, they may be a potential source of infection to both domestic animal and human populations.

Ejercito, Cai, Htwe, Taki, Inoshima, Kondo, Kano, Abe, Shirota, Sugimoto, Yamaguchi, Fukushi, Minamoto, Kinjo, Isogai, and Hirai: Serological Evidence of Coxiella burnetii Infection in Wild Animals in Japan
Castor Leo A. Ejercito, Lixun Cai, Khin Khin Htwe, Michihiro Taki, Yasuo Inoshima, Taeko Kondo, Chiaki Kano, Satomi Abe, Kazutoshi Shirota, Tomoaki Sugimoto, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Hideto Fukushi, Nobuyuki Minamoto, Toshio Kinjo, Emiko Isogai, and Katsuya Hirai "Serological Evidence of Coxiella burnetii Infection in Wild Animals in Japan," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 29(3), 481-484, (1 July 1993). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-29.3.481
Received: 2 October 1992; Published: 1 July 1993
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KEYWORDS
Coxiella burnetii
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
Q fever
wild animals
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