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1 April 2006 Tetrameres (Tetrameres) grusi (Shumakovich, 1946) (Nematoda: Tetrameridae) in Eurasian Cranes (Grus grus) in Central Iran
G. R. Mowlavi, J. Massoud, I. Mobedi, M. J. Gharagozlou, M. Rezaian, S. Solaymani-Mohammadi
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Abstract

The proventriculi of 11 Eurasian cranes (Grus grus) from central Iran were examined for the existence of parasitic helminths. Preliminary reports suggested that the death of these birds was related to untimely cold weather. Nine proventriculi (82%) were heavily infected by the nematode Tetrameres grusi. Glandular structure of the infected proventriculi was replaced by epithelial atrophy but significant inflammatory reactions were not observed in any of the infected organs. In serious infections, the nematode produced vast structural and functional changes, causing organ dysfunction and glandular necrosis. The coincidence of heavy helminth infection at times of environmental stress may lead to debilitation, wasting, and perhaps mortality in migratory cranes.

Mowlavi, Massoud, Mobedi, Gharagozlou, Rezaian, and Solaymani-Mohammadi: Tetrameres (Tetrameres) grusi (Shumakovich, 1946) (Nematoda: Tetrameridae) in Eurasian Cranes (Grus grus) in Central Iran
G. R. Mowlavi, J. Massoud, I. Mobedi, M. J. Gharagozlou, M. Rezaian, and S. Solaymani-Mohammadi "Tetrameres (Tetrameres) grusi (Shumakovich, 1946) (Nematoda: Tetrameridae) in Eurasian Cranes (Grus grus) in Central Iran," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42(2), 397-401, (1 April 2006). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-42.2.397
Received: 26 September 2004; Published: 1 April 2006
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