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1 January 2011 Intoxication of Nontarget Wildlife with Rodenticides in Northwestern Kansas
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The perception of prairie dogs (Cynomys spp.) both as a nuisance species and a keystone species presents a significant challenge to land, livestock, and wildlife managers. Anticoagulant and nonanticoagulant rodenticides are commonly employed to control prairie dog populations throughout their range. Chlorophacinone, and to a lesser extent zinc phosphide, are widely used in northwestern Kansas for controlling black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) populations. Although zinc phosphide poisoning of gallinaceous birds is not uncommon, there are few published accounts of nontarget chlorophacinone poisoning of wildlife. We report three mortality events involving nontarget rodenticide poisoning in several species, including wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo), a raccoon (Procyon lotor), and an American badger (Taxidea taxus). This includes the first documentation of chlorophacinone intoxication in wild turkeys and an American badger in the literature. The extent of nontarget poisoning in this area is currently unknown and warrants further investigation.

Mark G. Ruder, Robert H. Poppenga, John A. Bryan, Matt Bain, Jim Pitman, and M. Kevin Keel "Intoxication of Nontarget Wildlife with Rodenticides in Northwestern Kansas," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47(1), 212-216, (1 January 2011).
Received: 25 November 2009; Accepted: 1 August 2010; Published: 1 January 2011

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