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1 October 2011 Avian Poxvirus Epizootic in a Breeding Population of Lesser Flamingos (Phoenicopterus minor) at Kamfers Dam, Kimberley, South Africa
David Zimmermann, Mark D. Anderson, Emily Lane, Erna van Wilpe, Olivia Carulei, Nicola Douglass, Anna-Lise Williamson, Antoinette Kotze
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Abstract

Avian pox has a worldwide distribution, but prior to this investigation has not been reported in free-ranging flamingo populations. During observations of the first successful breeding of Lesser Flamingos on a purpose-built island, at Kamfers Dam near Kimberley, South Africa, multiple small, raised, crusted plaques on the legs and facial area were noticed on 30% of the fledgling flamingos. A diagnosis of avipoxvirus infection was made on the basis of the macroscopic, histologic, and electron microscopic features, and was further confirmed by DNA sequence analysis. The avipoxvirus detected was very similar to that previously detected in albatross and falcons.

David Zimmermann, Mark D. Anderson, Emily Lane, Erna van Wilpe, Olivia Carulei, Nicola Douglass, Anna-Lise Williamson, and Antoinette Kotze "Avian Poxvirus Epizootic in a Breeding Population of Lesser Flamingos (Phoenicopterus minor) at Kamfers Dam, Kimberley, South Africa," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47(4), 989-993, (1 October 2011). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-47.4.989
Received: 8 January 2010; Accepted: 1 May 2011; Published: 1 October 2011
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
avipoxvirus
epizootic
Lesser Flamingos
Phoenicopterus minor
South Africa
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