Translator Disclaimer
1 October 2018 SEROLOGIC SURVEY FOR SELECTED VIRAL AND BACTERIAL SWINE PATHOGENS IN COLOMBIAN COLLARED PECCARIES (PECARI TAJACU) AND FERAL PIGS (SUS SCROFA)
Olga L. Montenegro, Nestor Roncancio, Diego Soler-Tovar, Jimena Cortés-Duque, Jorge Contreras-Herrera, Sandra Sabogal, Luz Dary Acevedo, Pedro Enrique Navas-Suárez
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

In South America, wild populations of peccaries coexist with domestic and feral pigs, with poorly understood consequences. We captured 58 collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu) and 15 feral pigs (Sus scrofa) in locations of Colombia where coexistence of these species is known. Blood samples were tested for antibodies against four viral agents, classical swine fever virus (CSFV), Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV), porcine circovirus (PCV-2), and vesicular stomatitis virus (New Jersey and Indiana subtypes) and two bacterial agents, Brucella spp. and six serovars of Leptospira interrogans. The prevalence of CSFV was 5% (3/58) in collared peccaries and 7% (1/15) in feral pigs. The prevalence of PCV-2 was 7% (1/15) in collared peccaries and 67% (2/3) in feral pigs. Vesicular stomatitis prevalence was 33% (8/24) in collared peccaries and 67% (4/6) in feral pigs. Leptospira prevalence was 78% (39/50) in collared peccary and 100% (8/8) in feral pigs; bratislava, grippotyphosa, icterohaemorrhagiae, and pomona were the most frequent serovars. Also, the only white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) sampled was positive for L. interrogans serovar bratislava and for vesicular stomatitis virus, New Jersey strain. No samples were positive for ADV or Brucella. The seroprevalence of antibodies against L. interrogans was similar to that observed in other studies. Icterohaemorrhagiae appears to be a common serovar among in situ and ex situ peccary populations. Positive antibodies against PVC-2 represent a novel report of exposure to this pathogen in Colombian peccaries. Our results indicate the possible transmission of various pathogens, important for pig farms, in the studied pig and peccaries.

© Wildlife Disease Association 2018
Olga L. Montenegro, Nestor Roncancio, Diego Soler-Tovar, Jimena Cortés-Duque, Jorge Contreras-Herrera, Sandra Sabogal, Luz Dary Acevedo, and Pedro Enrique Navas-Suárez "SEROLOGIC SURVEY FOR SELECTED VIRAL AND BACTERIAL SWINE PATHOGENS IN COLOMBIAN COLLARED PECCARIES (PECARI TAJACU) AND FERAL PIGS (SUS SCROFA)," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 54(4), 700-707, (1 October 2018). https://doi.org/10.7589/2017-09-236
Received: 26 September 2017; Accepted: 24 March 2018; Published: 1 October 2018
JOURNAL ARTICLE
8 PAGES


Share
SHARE
KEYWORDS
Colombia
feral pigs
livestock-wildlife interface
peccary
serology
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top