Translator Disclaimer
1 October 2018 Thelazia callipaeda, an Endemic Parasite of Red Foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Western Romania
Angela Monica Ionică, Georgiana Deak, Ioana Adriana Matei, Gianluca D'Amico, Vlad Dan Cotuţiu, Călin Mircea Gherman, Andrei Daniel Mihalca
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Thelazia callipaeda (Spirurida, Thelaziidae) is a vector-borne zoonotic nematode parasite of the conjunctival sac of a large spectrum of hosts, currently having an expanding distribution range throughout Europe. In Romania, the parasite has a relatively large distribution range and host spectrum. However, the presence of T. callipaeda in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) has not yet been confirmed. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence and geographical distribution of T. callipaeda in red foxes from Romania. A total of 514 animals originating from 10 counties of western Romania were evaluated for the presence of T. callipaeda. Overall, 151 red foxes (29.38%) were positive. No significant differences were noticed between sex and age groups of positive foxes. In total, 3,350 adult nematodes were recovered. The intensity of infection had a mean value of 23.2, while the sex ratio was 2.2:1 in favor of females. In 91 foxes, both eyes were affected, while 60 harbored unilateral infection. Sequence analysis of the cox 1 gene of one nematode from each positive fox (n=151) revealed the exclusive presence of haplotype h1. We report a relatively high prevalence and distribution range of T. callipaeda infection in red foxes in Romania, highlighting their potential role as a wildlife reservoir.

© Wildlife Disease Association 2018
Angela Monica Ionică, Georgiana Deak, Ioana Adriana Matei, Gianluca D'Amico, Vlad Dan Cotuţiu, Călin Mircea Gherman, and Andrei Daniel Mihalca "Thelazia callipaeda, an Endemic Parasite of Red Foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Western Romania," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 54(4), 829-833, (1 October 2018). https://doi.org/10.7589/2017-10-251
Received: 13 October 2017; Accepted: 20 February 2018; Published: 1 October 2018
JOURNAL ARTICLE
5 PAGES


Share
SHARE
KEYWORDS
red fox
reservoir
Romania, Thelazia callipaeda
Vulpes vulpes
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top