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21 April 2022 Botfly Parasitism on Two Primates of the Cebidae Family in Peru
Fernando Vilchez-Delgado, Luis Fernando Ramírez-Montano, Xiomara Merino-Merino, Renzo R. Ojeda-Juárez, Maximiliano H. Espinoza-Román, Alejandra Duarte-Quiroga
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Abstract

Botflies (Diptera:Oestridae) are a diverse group of insect parasites that affect various vertebrate species. There are previous reports of myiasis affecting wild primates in Central and South America; however, information about botfly parasitism in Peruvian primates is scarce. We present data from two Cebidae primate specimens: a rescued large-headed capuchin monkey (Sapajus macrocephalus) housed at Taricaya Rescue Center, in Tambopata, Peru, and a free-ranging white-fronted capuchin monkey (Cebus albifrons aequatorialis) inhabiting Cerros de Amotape National Park. The first specimen had a larva identified as Dermatobia hominis, whereas Cuterebra baeri larvae infested the second. In both cases we initially identified the parasite species through their morphologic features before confirming the identification with genetic analysis through the cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 mitochondrial gene sequencing of the larvae. Further field studies on the primate-parasite dynamics are needed to understand the impact of botfly myiasis on primate populations.

© Wildlife Disease Association 2022
Fernando Vilchez-Delgado, Luis Fernando Ramírez-Montano, Xiomara Merino-Merino, Renzo R. Ojeda-Juárez, Maximiliano H. Espinoza-Román, and Alejandra Duarte-Quiroga "Botfly Parasitism on Two Primates of the Cebidae Family in Peru," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 58(2), 415-420, (21 April 2022). https://doi.org/10.7589/JWD-D-21-00175
Received: 8 November 2021; Accepted: 22 December 2021; Published: 21 April 2022
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KEYWORDS
botfly
Cebidae
Cuterebra
ectoparasitism
myiasis
Oestridae
Primates
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