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1 September 2011 Suspected Seminal Vesiculitis in an Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
Jennifer J Kilburn, Karen E Velguth, Kay A Backues
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A 32-year-old male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) underwent routine transrectal stimulation for semen collection as part of an artificial insemination program. The procedure consisted of a preinsemination semen collection followed by two consecutive days of semen collections for artificial insemination. The second day's sample contained large numbers of inflammatory cells, intracellular bacteria, and phagocytized sperm. Semen was submitted for culture and sensitivity. Culture revealed Acinetobacter lwoffii, Staphylococcus intermedius, Kocuria roseus, and an unidentified gram-positive organism. Empirical antibiotic therapy with trimethoprim sulfa was initiated and then changed to enrofloxacin based on sensitivity panel results for a total of 28 days of treatment. Diagnostic semen collections were performed during treatment and 2 wk posttreatment to determine the success of therapy. Posttreatment collections revealed resolution of the inflammation. The origin of the infection was suspected to be the seminal vesicles.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Jennifer J Kilburn, Karen E Velguth, and Kay A Backues "Suspected Seminal Vesiculitis in an Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 42(3), 485-489, (1 September 2011).
Received: 1 July 2010; Published: 1 September 2011

Acinetobacter sp
Asian elephant
Elephas maximus
semen collection
seminal vesiculitis
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