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1 June 2016 NORMAL VAGINAL BACTERIAL FLORA OF GIANT PANDAS (AILUROPODA MELANOLEUCA) AND THE ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERNS OF THE ISOLATES
Xin Yang, Jiang Yang, Hongning Wang, Caiwu Li, Yongguo He, SenYan Jin, Hemin Zhang, Desheng Li, Pengyan Wang, Yuesong Xu, Changwen Xu, Chengyun Fan, Lulai Xu, Shan Huang, Chunmao Qu, Guo Li
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Abstract

To study the typical vaginal bacterial flora of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), we took vaginal swabs for the sake of bacterial isolation, from 24 healthy female giant pandas. A total of 203 isolates were identified, representing a total of 17 bacterial species. The most common bacteria isolated were Lactobacillus spp. (54.2%, 13/24), followed by Staphylococcus epidermidis (41.7%, 10/24) and Escherichia coli (33.3%, 8/24). Some opportunistic pathogenic bacteria, such as Peptostreptococcus spp., Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis, were also isolated but showed no pathology. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of aerobic bacterial isolates was performed with the disk diffusion method. Of the 152 isolates, resistance was most frequently observed with chloramphenicol (17.8%), followed by tetracycline (14.5%), ciprofloxacin (12.5%), streptomycin (11.8%), and florfenicol (11.8%), whereas 7.2% were multidrug resistant. This is the first report of the normal culturable vaginal bacterial flora of giant pandas and the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the isolates.

Copyright 2016 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Xin Yang, Jiang Yang, Hongning Wang, Caiwu Li, Yongguo He, SenYan Jin, Hemin Zhang, Desheng Li, Pengyan Wang, Yuesong Xu, Changwen Xu, Chengyun Fan, Lulai Xu, Shan Huang, Chunmao Qu, and Guo Li "NORMAL VAGINAL BACTERIAL FLORA OF GIANT PANDAS (AILUROPODA MELANOLEUCA) AND THE ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERNS OF THE ISOLATES," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 47(2), 671-675, (1 June 2016). https://doi.org/10.1638/2015-0203a.1
Received: 6 September 2015; Published: 1 June 2016
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