Translator Disclaimer
1 March 2018 ELEPHANT ENDOTHELIOTROPIC HERPESVIRUS ASSOCIATED WITH CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS INFECTION IN TWO ASIAN ELEPHANT (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) CALVES
Kittikorn Boonsri, Chaleamchat Somgird, Pheudphol Noinafai, Kidsadagon Pringproa, Thittaya Janyamethakul, Taweepoke Angkawanish, Janine L. Brown, Pallop Tankaew, Saralee Srivorakul, Chatchote Thitaram
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) is an infection associated with fatal hemorrhagic disease in young Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). This brief communication describes the postmortem evaluation of two Asian elephant calves diagnosed with EEHV4 and EEHV1A in conjunction with Clostridium perfringens infection. Case 1 was a 7-mo-old, male captive-born Asian elephant that developed diarrhea and died 2 days after clinical presentation. Examination of the heart, lungs, liver, and spleen revealed predominantly basophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies in the endothelial cells of the blood vessels. Case 2 was a 3-mo-old, female wild-born Asian elephant that showed signs of lethargy, anorexia, and convulsions and died 6 hr after clinical presentation. No intranuclear inclusion bodies were observed. The heart, lung, liver, and spleen of both calves tested positive for EEHV by polymerase chain reaction. Phylogenetic analysis identified EEHV4 and EEHV1A in Case 1 and 2, respectively. Additionally, liver, spleen, and hemorrhagic intestinal tissue samples tested positive for C. perfringens α, β, and ϵ toxins. This is the first reported case to describe coinfection of EEHV and C. perfringens in Asian elephant calves.

Copyright 2018 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Kittikorn Boonsri, Chaleamchat Somgird, Pheudphol Noinafai, Kidsadagon Pringproa, Thittaya Janyamethakul, Taweepoke Angkawanish, Janine L. Brown, Pallop Tankaew, Saralee Srivorakul, and Chatchote Thitaram "ELEPHANT ENDOTHELIOTROPIC HERPESVIRUS ASSOCIATED WITH CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS INFECTION IN TWO ASIAN ELEPHANT (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) CALVES," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 49(1), 178-182, (1 March 2018). https://doi.org/10.1638/2017-0001R1.1
Accepted: 1 October 2017; Published: 1 March 2018
JOURNAL ARTICLE
5 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top