Kirk's dik-diks (Madoqua kirkii) are the most common dik-dik species managed in North American zoological institutions, but their numbers are declining at a concerning rate, with less than 40 individuals currently housed in accredited institutions. This retrospective study reports the causes of mortality in Kirk's dik-diks in North American zoological institutions from 1988 to 2019. Out of 15 institutions accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) currently housing Kirk's dik-diks, nine contributed to this study (60% participation). Eighty-four necropsy records were reviewed to determine the primary affected body system and etiological cause of death across and within age categories. Neonatal death (prior to 1 mon of age) was most common (38.1%), followed by death in adults (29.8%), geriatric animals (19.0%), and juveniles (13.1%). As a whole population, causes of death by body system were multisystemic (47.6%), musculoskeletal (15.5%), respiratory (8.3%), and digestive (8.3%). Neonatal complications accounted for 50.0% of all deaths in animals prior to 1 mon of age. In juveniles, a nutritional cause of death was most common (27.3%) and significantly higher compared to measures of this cause within other age categories. In adults, metabolic etiologies and trauma each accounted for 28.0% of deaths. Degenerative etiologies were most common in geriatric individuals, representing 31.3% of the deaths. Death from infectious disease was found across all ages, representing 11.9% of all mortalities. Results from this study provide a baseline reference for this species and may aid clinicians in decision-making as it relates to the medical care and management of this species during different life stages.