Bacterial abscesses are commonly seen in tortoises. The morbidity and the resultant mortality are high. Multifactorial problems, antibiotics misapplication. and antibiotic-resistant bacteria make abscess treatment complicated and ineffective. This study identifies the etiological bacterial species and determines the best antibiotics for abscess treatment in captive tortoises. Sterile swab specimens from 40 tortoises with abscesses were analyzed using the Analytical Profile Index (API) system. Sixty-five bacteria species were identified covering facultative anaerobic gram-negative (n = 30, 46.2%), facultative anaerobic gram-positive (n = 19, 29.2%), and aerobic gram-negative bacteria (n = 16, 24.6%). The antibiotic sensitivity of these bacteria to 30 antibiotics was assessed using the Kirby–Bauer disk-diffusion method. Greater than 80% anaerobic gram-negative bacterial species showed sensitivity to amikacin and ceftazidime. Greater than 80% anaerobic gram-positive bacterial species were sensitive to amoxicillin, ampicillin, carbenicillin, and penicillin. In addition, more than 80% aerobic gram-negative bacterial species were sensitive to ceftazidime, colistin sulphate, amikacin, gentamicin, kanamycin, polymyxin B, and tobramycin. This study provides clinicians significant information for initial antibiotic options, which could elevate the abscess therapy success rate and improve the life quality of tortoises.