Xanthomas are localized lipid deposits in organs with associated granulomatous inflammation. Xanthomatosis is a rare condition in both human and veterinary medicine and is often linked to inherited or acquired dyslipidemias. Three female yellow-footed rock wallabies (Petrogale xanthopus) at a single institution were diagnosed via biopsy with cutaneous xanthomas secondary to hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia, and an additional two female yellow-footed rock wallabies were diagnosed with xanthomas at a second institution. All cases presented with cutaneous masses at the haired skin and paw pad junctions of the extremities, and/or mucocutaneous junctions of the face or urogenital tract. The clinically affected individuals were overconditioned or obese, had lipemic serum, and had elevations in blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels. When full lipid panels were performed, inverse high- and low-density lipoprotein fractions were observed. Six other individuals at the first institution had identical husbandry but were of more appropriate body condition, were normolipidemic, and had no xanthomas. One of the affected animals was also concurrently diagnosed with hepatic lipidosis via liver biopsy. Pedigree review and evaluation for underlying endocrine diseases such as hypothyroidism were performed. Because all affected animals were found to be related, a genetic predisposition is possible but requires further investigation. Consideration for the predisposition of some individuals for obesity, hyperlipidemia, and subsequent xanthoma formation should be factored in the husbandry and medical management of this species.