Estimating population density and monitoring demographic trends of large carnivores are hard to be done, as they, in general, occur at very low population densities over large ranges and are often elusive. We tested the utility of artificially scented wooden rubbing posts as a tool for DNA hair snagging of brown bears (Ursus arctos), which can be used for noninvasive population monitoring. To determine which type of scents can attract bears, we applied various types of the scent lure [odor of brown bear, α-pinene (turpentine), and wood creosote oil] on wooden posts to compare with an unscented control, using 75 posts in total during 2009–2012. Among them, we confirmed that 23 posts were rubbed by bears at least once. The scent lures were selected as significant variables by a likelihood ratio test. Probability of rubbing by bears was the highest for wooden posts with creosote oil (57.6%). Our study offers a potentially effective means of DNA hair snagging by using artificially scented wooden rubbing posts.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 45 • No. 3