Age-specific changes in deer demographic parameters under food limitation are an important factor in predicting the post-population-crash dynamics of irruptive deer populations. To evaluate the differences in age-class-at-death between the initial irruption and post-population-crash phases of a sika deer (Cervus nippon) population, we analyzed a dataset of naturally dead carcasses from an introduced sika deer population on Nakanoshima Island, Japan. We predicted that the occurrence probability of fawn-class sika deer carcasses would increase in the post-population-crash phase and that the occurrence probability of old-class sika deer carcasses (≥ 10 years old) would decrease during this phase. Contrary to our expectations, the relative occurrence probabilities of four age classes [fawn, yearling, prime-aged (2–9 years old), and old] of sika deer carcasses did not differ between the initial irruption and post-population-crash phases. This could partially be a side-effect of classifying deer age into just four categories; slight changes within the age classes could not be detected because of this statistical limitation. Comparative studies are required to determine whether these results coincide with other irruptive deer populations.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 46 • No. 1