We studied home range use of crop-raiding Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) in Shiga Prefecture, central Japan, to address the effects of vegetation structure, specifically forest edge, on their habitat utilization. We compared the home range use of a troop inhabiting a rural area surrounded by a coniferous plantation with that of a troop inhabiting deciduous/coniferous forest mixed area. We then conducted a vegetation survey to evaluate the forest structure and food availability within their home ranges. Both troops frequently used the coniferous plantations and preferred them. The rural troop also preferred deciduous forest. Both troops preferred bamboo forest and avoided other vegetation types. The vegetation survey found that food availability in deciduous forest was the greatest. Both troops frequently used the forest edges, likely due to higher food availability as well as its role as a refuge. We found higher similarity in composition of food plant species between coniferous plantation and the deciduous forest, which implied that the former can be converted to the latter through thinning. We suggest an idea on the habitat management through thinning of the coniferous plantation to improve the present situation of the human-macaque conflict.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 46 • No. 2