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21 May 2019 Development of Monitoring Techniques for Endangered Spring Endemic Invertebrates: An Assessment of Abundance
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We monitored Roswell springsnail (Pyrgulopsis roswellensis), Koster's springsnail (Juturnia kosteri), and Noel's amphipod (Gammarus desperatus), three endangered aquatic invertebrates, from 2014 through 2017 at Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge, Chaves County, New Mexico. We initiated the effort to develop baseline abundance estimates in a rigorous, repeatable framework, and to inform long-term monitoring efforts. Surveys were focused on three spring systems. Density estimates for the two species of springsnails combined ranged from 7870 ± 1693 SE snails per m2 (CV = 22%) to 39,704 ± 10,035 SE snails per m2 (CV = 25%) in the three systems combined. Noel's amphipod density estimates ranged from 144 ± 42 SE individuals per m2 (CV = 29%) to 404 ± 109 SE individuals per m2 (CV = 27%). We can detect a proportional change (α = 0.1, power = 0.8) in density ranging from 30% to 60% in Bitter Creek, Sago Springs, and the Snail Unit. We predicted increases in statistical power that could be gained from increases in survey effort. Because of seasonal changes in density in some systems, year-to-year evaluation of trends must be focused on a given season. Likewise, seasonal changes in spring flows may impact density estimates. We provide estimates of density, precision, and power that can inform future efforts to monitor both species status and restoration efforts.

William P. Johnson, Matthew J. Butler, Jeffrey I. Sanchez, and Brandon E. Wadlington "Development of Monitoring Techniques for Endangered Spring Endemic Invertebrates: An Assessment of Abundance," Natural Areas Journal 39(2), 150-168, (21 May 2019).
Published: 21 May 2019

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