A new species belonging to Croton L. sect. Eluteria Grisebach (Euphorbiaceae) is described from, and endemic to, the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. The species is named C. mayanus B. L. León & Vester after the Mayan zone where it is mainly found. It is distinguished from C. niveus Jacquin, C. reflexifolius Kunth, and C. pseudoniveus Lundell, the species that it most closely resembles, by its combination of lepidote hairs on the fruit, smooth fruit surface, leaves glabrescent abaxially, and fruiting pedicels 8–13 mm long.
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Vol. 16 • No. 4