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1 January 2018 Phylogenetic Position of Endangered Puffinus lherminieri bannermani
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Puffinus lherminieri bannermani is a small black-and-white shearwater, which is endemic to the Ogasawara Islands, Japan. The taxonomic position of this shearwater is contentious. It is treated as a subspecies of Audubon's Shearwater P. lherminieri or the Tropical Shearwater P. bailloni in some checklists, while it is as considered monotypic, as Bannerman's Shearwater P. bannermani, in others. We examined the mitochondrial cytochrome b region to determine the taxon's phylogenetic position. While on the one hand the results showed that it was not genetically related to either P. lherminieri or P. bailloni, but formed a clade with P. myrtae, P. newelli, and P. auricularis, on the other hand, bannermani has diverged substantially from the other three taxa in both genetic and morphological features. This shearwater was first described as Bannerman's Shearwater, and our results confirm that P. lherminieri bannermani should be split from Audubon's Shearwater, and the monotypic Bannerman's Shearwater is recommended to be restored as a distinct species.

© The Ornithological Society of Japan 2018
Kazuto Kawakami, Masaki Eda, Hiroe Izumi, Kazuo Horikoshi, and Hajime Suzuki "Phylogenetic Position of Endangered Puffinus lherminieri bannermani," Ornithological Science 17(1), 11-18, (1 January 2018).
Received: 8 February 2017; Accepted: 1 July 2017; Published: 1 January 2018

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