Translator Disclaimer
1 April 2020 SKELETAL TRAUMA WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR INTRATAIL MOBILITY IN EDMONTOSAURUS ANNECTENS FROM A MONODOMINANT BONEBED, LANCE FORMATION (MAASTRICHTIAN), WYOMING USA
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

This study presents evidence of pre-mortem traumatic injury and its sequalae on multiple Edmontosaurus annectens skeletal elements recovered from a largely monodominant Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) bonebed. The sample consists of 3013 specimens excavated and prepared from two quarries, of which 96 elements manifest one or more macroscopic bone abnormalities and 55 specimens display pathology attributable to physical trauma. Evidence of traumatic pathology is strongly associated (P < .05) with body region, occurring disproportionately in the caudal vertebrae. Pre-mortem fractures with subsequent bone remodeling and hypertrophic ossification of caudal neural spines are present principally in the middle and mid-distal regions of the tail, while fractures of the vertebral centra are present primarily in the distal tail region. Other skeletal regions, such as chevrons, phalanges of the manus and ribs display unambiguous evidence of healed trauma, but with less frequency than the tail. These findings, in combination with current understanding of hadrosaurian tail biomechanics, indicate that intervertebral flexibility within the middle and mid-distal region of the tail likely rendered these caudal vertebrae more susceptible to the deleterious effects of repeated mechanical stress and subsequent trauma, potentially accompanying running locomotion and other high-impact herd interactions. Healed fractures within the region are also suggestive of accumulated injuries due to a combination of tail usage in defense and possibly accidental bumping/trampling associated with gregarious behavior.

Copyright © 2020, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology)
Bethania C.T. Siviero, Elizabeth Rega, William K. Hayes, Allen M. Cooper, Leonard R. Brand, and Art V. Chadwick "SKELETAL TRAUMA WITH IMPLICATIONS FOR INTRATAIL MOBILITY IN EDMONTOSAURUS ANNECTENS FROM A MONODOMINANT BONEBED, LANCE FORMATION (MAASTRICHTIAN), WYOMING USA," Palaios 35(4), 201-214, (1 April 2020). https://doi.org/10.2110/palo.2019.079
Received: 26 August 2019; Accepted: 1 April 2020; Published: 1 April 2020
JOURNAL ARTICLE
14 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top