How to translate text using browser tools
1 October 2022 A New Species of Baleen Whale (Isanacetus-Group) from the Early Miocene, Japan
Toshiyuki Kimura, Yoshikazu Hasegawa, Tadashi Suzuki
Author Affiliations +

The Isanacetus-group is one of the most enigmatic groups of cetaceans. Although their phylogeny is still controversial, many previous studies suggested that they are a paraphyletic group of baleen whales, including an ancestor of Balaenopteridae and Eschrichtiidae. A new fossil from an Isanacetus-group baleen whale has been recovered from the Minamishirado Formation (latest early Miocene, Burdigalian), Iwaki, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. The specimen consists of a cranium, mandible, and postcranial elements, including cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae, scapula, ulna, and ribs. We describe and diagnose the specimen as a new genus and species, Jobancetus pacificus. A unique combination of morphological characters characterized the specimen, e.g. frontals forming a triangular elevated plateau at the vertex, sharp, and well-developed transverse crest on the supraorbital process of frontal, sagittal crest formed by frontals and parietals, and large squamosal fossa, which is posteriorly extended well beyond the level of the posterior surface of the occipital condyle. Phylogenetic analysis under equal weighting suggests that J. pacificus is a stem group of Pligogulae, whereas the phylogenetic analyses under implied weightings suggest that J. pacificus is a stem group of Balaenopteridae + Eschrichtiidae. The discovery of J. pacificus expands our knowledge of the enigmatic Isanacetus-group.

© by the Palaeontological Society of Japan
Toshiyuki Kimura, Yoshikazu Hasegawa, and Tadashi Suzuki "A New Species of Baleen Whale (Isanacetus-Group) from the Early Miocene, Japan," Paleontological Research 27(1), 85-101, (1 October 2022).
Received: 8 April 2021; Accepted: 12 August 2021; Published: 1 October 2022
Jobancetus pacificus
Get copyright permission
Back to Top