The effects of vitamin E supplementation were evaluated in cultured human normal fibroblasts exposed to ultraviolet A radiation (320–380 nm) (UVA). Cells were incubated in medium containing α-tocopherol, α-tocopherol acetate or the synthetic analog Trolox for 24 h prior to UVA exposure. DNA damage in the form of frank breaks and alkali-labile sites, collectively termed single-strand breaks (SSB), was assayed by the technique of single cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay), immediately following irradiation or after different repair periods. The generation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide ion (O2·−) was measured by flow cytometry through the oxidation of indicators into fluorescent dyes. It was observed that pretreatment of cells with any form of vitamin E resulted in an increased susceptibility to the photoinduction of DNA SSB and in a longer persistence of damage, whereas no significant change was observed in the production of H2O2 and O2·− reactive oxygen species, compared to untreated controls. These findings indicate that in human normal fibroblasts, exogenously added vitamin E exerts a promoting activity on DNA damage upon UVA irradiation and might lead to increased cytotoxic and mutagenic risks.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 73 • No. 4