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1 April 2001 Exacerbating Effect of Vitamin E Supplementation on DNA Damage Induced in Cultured Human Normal Fibroblasts by UVA Radiation
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Abstract

The effects of vitamin E supplementation were evaluated in cultured human normal fibroblasts exposed to ultraviolet A radiation (320–380 nm) (UVA). Cells were incubated in medium containing α-tocopherol, α-tocopherol acetate or the synthetic analog Trolox for 24 h prior to UVA exposure. DNA damage in the form of frank breaks and alkali-labile sites, collectively termed single-strand breaks (SSB), was assayed by the technique of single cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay), immediately following irradiation or after different repair periods. The generation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide ion (O2·−) was measured by flow cytometry through the oxidation of indicators into fluorescent dyes. It was observed that pretreatment of cells with any form of vitamin E resulted in an increased susceptibility to the photoinduction of DNA SSB and in a longer persistence of damage, whereas no significant change was observed in the production of H2O2 and O2·− reactive oxygen species, compared to untreated controls. These findings indicate that in human normal fibroblasts, exogenously added vitamin E exerts a promoting activity on DNA damage upon UVA irradiation and might lead to increased cytotoxic and mutagenic risks.

Silvano Nocentini, Michèle Guggiari, Danielle Rouillard, and Sophie Surgis "Exacerbating Effect of Vitamin E Supplementation on DNA Damage Induced in Cultured Human Normal Fibroblasts by UVA Radiation," Photochemistry and Photobiology 73(4), 370-377, (1 April 2001). https://doi.org/10.1562/0031-8655(2001)073<0370:EEOVES>2.0.CO;2
Received: 18 December 2000; Accepted: 1 January 2001; Published: 1 April 2001
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