Translator Disclaimer
1 August 2001 Novel Diode Laser-compatible Fluorophores and Their Application to Single Molecule Detection, Protein Labeling and Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer Immunoassay
Bernhard Oswald, Michaela Gruber, Martin Böhmer, Frank Lehmann, Mario Probst, Otto S. Wolfbeis
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

We describe a series of new long-wave absorbing and fluorescing cyanine dyes and labels (based on a general logic for the design of such dyes), their spectra, covalent and noncovalent linkage to proteins, their use in single molecule detection (SMD) and as donors and acceptors, respectively, in fluorescence resonance energy transfer studies. The new labels represent water-soluble and reactive fluorophores whose quantum yields increase substantially if noncovalently or covalently bound to proteins. Due to their strong absorptions between 550 and 700 nm they are excitable by light-emitting diodes or diode lasers. Their high absorbances (ε around 100 000) and adequate fluorescence quantum yields (ϕ up to 0.68 if bound to proteins) along with their availability as reactive NHS esters make them viable labels for proteins and oligomers, e.g. in context with SMD or fluorescence energy transfer immunoassay which is demonstrated for the system HSA/anti-HSA.

Bernhard Oswald, Michaela Gruber, Martin Böhmer, Frank Lehmann, Mario Probst, and Otto S. Wolfbeis "Novel Diode Laser-compatible Fluorophores and Their Application to Single Molecule Detection, Protein Labeling and Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer Immunoassay," Photochemistry and Photobiology 74(2), 237-245, (1 August 2001). https://doi.org/10.1562/0031-8655(2001)074<0237:NDLCFA>2.0.CO;2
Received: 25 January 2001; Accepted: 1 April 2001; Published: 1 August 2001
JOURNAL ARTICLE
9 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top