The enthalpy (ΔH) and structural volume changes (ΔV) associated with the formation and decay of the early intermediate K600 in the photocycle of Natronobacterium pharaonis halorhodopsin (pHR), an inward-directed anion pump, were obtained by laser-induced optoacoustic spectroscopy. A large expansion is associated with K600 formation, its value depending on the medium and on the anion (Cl−, NO3−, Br−, I−). A smaller expansion is associated with K600 decay to L520. A contraction is found for the same step in the case of the azide-loaded pHR which is an efficient outward-directed proton pump. Thus, the conformational changes in L520 determine the direction and sign of charge translocation. The linear correlation between ΔH and ΔV for chloride-loaded pHR observed upon mild medium variations is attributed to enthalpy–entropy compensation effects and allows the calculation of the free-energy changes, ΔGK = (97 ± 16) kJ/mol and ΔGKL = −(2 ± 2) kJ/mol. Different from other systems, ΔS correlates negatively with ΔV in the first steps of the pHR photocycle. Thus, the space around the anion becomes larger and more rigid during each of these two steps. The photocycle quantum yield was 0.52 for chloride-pHR as measured by laser flash photolysis.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 74 • No. 3