Fluorescence excitation efficiency is of great importance for photodynamic diagnosis. Because usually a difference in the interstitial pH between normal and tumor tissue occurs, it is necessary to assess the impact of pH on the fluorescence emission intensity of the photosensitizer meta-tetrahydroxyphenylchlorin (mTHPC) in this context. The results obtained by in vitro fluorescence measurements clearly indicate that pH values below 6 lead to a significant decrease in the fluorescence intensity. In the physiological range of pH 6.5–7.2, however, no pH dependence was found. Besides the decrease in the fluorescence intensity of mTHPC for pH < 6, changes in the spectral shape of the absorption were found. These changes can be utilized for “dual-wavelength ratio imaging,” using mTHPC as a pH-sensitive indicator with the excitation pair 405 nm/436 nm in the range of pH 3.5–6.
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Vol. 75 • No. 4